Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) support the recommendations of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE),the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) and Council of Science Editors (CSE) regarding the submission, processing and publication of academic articles. Our editorial policies are therefore patterned to meet these recommendations and describes our editorial processes.
Submitting a manuscript to Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) means that the authors have properly read the policies and agreed that the manuscript meets the requirements of these policies.
According to the Office of Research Integrity, a person claiming authorship of a scholarly publication must have met the following criteria:
1. Substantial participation in conception and design of the study, or in analysis and interpretation of data;
2. Substantial participation in the drafting of the manuscript or in the substantive editing of the manuscript;
3. Final approval of the version of the manuscript to be published;
4. Ability to explain and defend the study in public or scholarly settings.
Corresponding or primary author
Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) requires one author, called the corresponding or primary author, to take responsibility for all aspects of publication, including:
1. the correctness of the data,
2. the list of authors names ensuring no deserving author is neglected,
3. approval of the final draft by all authors, and
4. Performing all correspondence.
Further information on authorship can be found on ORI’s website.
Changes in authorship
When there is a need for change in authorship, Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) requires the corresponding author to send us a direct mail requesting for a change in authorship of a submitted manuscript or published article. Corresponding authors can also fill and submit the Change in Authorship Form. If there is prolonged dispute amongst the authors regarding authorship that cannot be suitably resolved between the authors, the authors should contact their institution(s) for a binding decision. The Editor is not responsible for settling authorship disagreement. A change in authorship of a published article will be amended following our criteria for publication of a Correction Article. Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) will follow guidelines COPE – flowcharts as regards to changes in authorship.
The acknowledgement section of a manuscript should be used to list all contributors to the study that do not meet the requirement for authorship stated above. Financial contributors should be acknowledged.
Submission of Manuscript
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the requirements of Nature and Ecotourism (N&E). Therefore, authors should endeavor to read our Editorial Policies, Ethics policies and Instructions for Authors before submitting a manuscript to our editorial office. Make sure the following guidelines are met:
· ensure that the work has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis),
· ensure that the manuscript is not currently being processed elsewhere,
· ensure that duplicate submission is not made within Nature and Ecotourism (N&E),
· ensure there is no breach of any copyright by submitting it for publication,
· ensure that the submission and publication has been agreed on by all co-authors and responsible authorities,
· ensure there is no default in ethical standard,
· ensure it follows the prescription in our instruction for authors.
In addition, the accurate contact information of all authors (Surname, other names in full, affiliation, email for each author, and a phone number) should be available on the manuscript. Disclosure of conflicts of interest should also be available on the manuscript.
Materials and Data Availability
Authors should make materials, data, and related procedures available. This will allow others to replicate and build on the work after publication. Upon submission, authors must disclose if any restriction was made on the accessibility of materials or information. With the unavailability of data and materials, there will be no proof to support claims in the study.
Conflict of interest
Conflict of interest is a situation in which financial or other personal interests are likely to make professional judgment and objectivity bias and untrustworthy.
Supplementary definitions include:
Conflicts of interest are "situations in which financial or other personal considerations may compromise, or have the appearance of compromising, an investigator's judgment in conducting or reporting research." AAMC, 1990
"A conflict of interest in research exists when the individual has interests in the outcome of the research that may lead to a personal advantage and that might therefore, in actuality or appearance compromise the integrity of the research." NAS, Integrity in Scientific Research.
All authors, representatives, reviewers, and editors must disclose any potential Conflict of Interest associated with the manuscript. Authors must also acknowledge all sources of funds that sustained the work.
In cases of Academic Conflict of Interest where an individual (reviewer, editor or editorial board member) has bias or personal interest that can obstruct the peer-review, the individual should declare their conflicts of interest and refuse participation in the review process.
Correction and retraction of articles
On rare occasions, Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) may make corrections so as to maintain the standard of the articles in its academic archive. Minor or major corrections will require authorization of the editor of the journal.
Depending on the magnitude of the correction to be made, corrections may be made directly on the originally published article for cases of minor corrections. Major corrections will be made available through a new download link leaving the originally published article untouched. Reasons for the change will also be stated alongside.
In other cases where the content of an article is observed to be violating certain rights or offensive we may have to remove that article from our site. Article may also be retracted due to scientific errors, misconduct, or plagiarism.
Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) will retract articles according to COPE guidelines.
Authors and their representatives should avoid releasing details about their article to representatives of the media until that article has been published online. Authors may only present detailed information at professional conferences before publication, but authors should abstain from giving out significant material from their articles before online publication. Officers of the press, public affairs, and others can have free access to copies of articles after publication.
The Editorial Team of Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) comprises of the Editorial Committee, Committee on Ethics, Editors, Editorial Board and Editorial Office Team (editorial assistants). Editors and editorial board members are selected by the Editorial Committee based on:
1. Their qualifications and professional experiences,
2. The Journal’s need for international representation and
3. The need to maintain a high journal standard and editorial policies.
The editors will perform their responsibilities according to the guidelines of COPE
The reviewers will perform their responsibilities according to the guidelines of COPE
All manuscripts submitted to Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) go through a peer-review process that determines if a manuscript is fit or unfit for publication. Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) requires that individuals who are highly competent and recognized in the particular field of the submitted manuscript review each manuscript. Manuscripts undergo a double peer review process.
The Review Process
The Editorial Office will contact those reviewers that have been identified as qualified and the reviewers that may be recommended by the authors. Once potential reviewers agree to read a manuscript, they are given a period to complete the review. Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) ensures that at least two reviewers undertake the review.
Appeals or complaints
Authors can make an appeal after the rejection of their manuscript. Appeals that are perceived to request a skip in our editorial process will not be accepted. Appeals should rather have a scientific base about how the content of the manuscript might be adjusted to become suitable for publication. Appeal emails should be addressed to the Editor of the specific journal. The Editor will give the final decision on the appeal.
Equally, All complains by the Authors should first be addressed to the Editor of the journal who will try to resolve them following the Journal’s procedure. If the author believes that the complaint cannot be properly handled with the Editor, the authors should address the complaint to the Publisher.
Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) maintains its stand on the following ethical issues:
Data fabrication/falsification, plagiarism, authorship, duplicate submission, duplicate publication, unethical citations, copyright infringement and non-compliance with regulatory standards affecting research.
Our ethics committee will use the recommendations of COPE in dealing with the actual and suspected unethical cases. Read our Ethics policies for more information.
Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) will consider as misconduct, any behavior or action that goes against its editorial and ethics policies. Other cases of miscounts includes failure to report identified misconduct, baseless false reports of misconduct, restriction of information pertinent to a claim or misconduct, vengeance against persons involved in the accusation or investigation, rendering insults when corresponding with our staff members and editors.
The Ethics Committee of Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) will follow COPE guidelines to handle cases of suspected misconducts. In some cases, it may be essential for Editors to contact institution(s) of the author(s).
Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) will treat every manuscript with confidentiality. No manuscript will give to anyone outside the editorial process, the editorial office and the editorial board members. Every reviewer is obliged to fill and accept a confidentiality agreement form/ document. This form constitutes an agreement by the reviewers to keep as confidential every manuscript sent to them for review. It also includes an agreement not to share or use for any other purpose any part of the content of the manuscripts being reviewed by them.
Proofs and Reprints
A proof copy is a final version of a manuscript that is sent to the corresponding author for final approval before publication. Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) has restrictions on author alterations in proof. Corrections are only permitted for realistic errors, copyediting errors, improvement in quality of figures. All necessary fees must be paid before a manuscript will be published.
Open Access Policy
Open Access is an unrestricted online model that allows the distribution of research papers through the internet to everyone in global community with no price restraint. Thus, all articles published under open access can be accessed by anyone with internet access. Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) employs the Open Access initiative. All abstracts and full texts (in PDF and other formats) of articles published by Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) are freely accessible online to the global community immediately after publication.
Creative Common Attribution License
All works published by Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) are covered by Creative Common Attribution License. This license allows anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and replicate the work provided the original work and source is properly cited.
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) currently allows authors to retain copyright for any article published in a journal. The article may be reused according to the Creative Common Attribution License. The author is only required to grant Nature and Ecotourism (N&E) publication right.